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China’s Fertility Rates 1950-2100

China's population is declining and is expected to be overtaken by India as the most populous country in the world by mid 2023. According to a United Nations 'medium' forecast variant, China's fertility rate has dipped sharply from 1.81 in 2017 to 1.16 in 2021.

The fertility rate is defined as; the expected number of children a women who survives to the end of the reproductive age span will have during her lifetime.

The dip in 2021, while sharp in recent years, is very small compared to a fertility rate peak of 7.51 in 1963. Since then China has implemented the one-child policy in 1980, the two-child policy in 2016 and the three-child policy in 2021.

The United Nation's forecast sees China's fertility rate stabilizing in the following years and slowly creeping up to 1.48 at the end of the century.

Source of data: UNdata

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